niedziela, 29 października 2017

Christianus Tolkien (b. 1663), a miller from Kreuzburg.
J.R.R.T.'s g-g-g-g-grandfather

 More about the Tolkiens from Kreuzburg can be found here, here and here.

Kreuzburg in the book by C. Hartknoch (the 17th century)

Christian Tolkien, a miller from Kreuzburg?
Both "London Brothers" or Daniel Gottlieb Tolkien (1746–1813) and Johann Benjamin Tolkien (1752–1819) were born in Gdańsk during the reign of the Polish kings. Their father, Christian Tolkien (1706–1791) and his brother Michael Tolkien (1708–1795) – I can call them the "Gdańsk Brothers" – were born in Kreuzburg (today Slavskoye) in East Prussia.

After I have proved that J.R.R. Tolkien's great-great-great-grandfather Christian was born in Kreuzburg (read about this small town here), I can tell more about the more distant ancestors of our Professor.

Christian's and Michael's parents were Christian Tolkien (1663–1746) and Regina, née Vietoris (born c. 1684). Christian Tolkien from Kreuzburg was a miller (Latin pistor). He was born in May 1663 in Globuhnen (a small village in the Kreuzburg parish where his father, Michael Tolkien was a schultze) and he was baptized in the Kreuzburg Lutheran church on 23 May 1663 (one of his godparents was Nicolas Rittershausen, a pastor):

Source: Ost Preussen, Kreuzburg, Taufen 1645-1687 (Ancestry.co.uk)
 Christian married Regina née Vietoris on "Fer. IV p. Dom. 4 Tr." 1704 (who knows what a date is it?):

Source: Ost Preussen, Kreuzburg, Taufen 1645-1687 (Ancestry.co.uk)
Then we have Christian and Regina Tolkien's children baptisms:

Christian Tolkien, baptized on 8 May 1706 in the parish Lutheran church in Kreuzburg:

Source: Ost Preussen, Kreuzburg, Taufen und Heiraten 1688-1722 (Ancestry.co.uk)
Michael Tolkien, baptized on 12 August 1708 in Kreuzburg:

Source: Ost Preussen, Kreuzburg, Taufen und Heiraten 1688-1722 (Ancestry.co.uk)
Anna Loysa Tolkien, baptized on 30 October 1711 in Kreuzburg:
Source: Ost Preussen, Kreuzburg, Taufen und Heiraten 1688-1722 (Ancestry.co.uk)
Christoph Tolkien, baptized on 26 September 1713 in Kreuzburg (one of his grandfathers was Martin Mohnhaupt, a mayor of Kreuzburg):
Source: Ost Preussen, Kreuzburg, Taufen und Heiraten 1688-1722 (Ancestry.co.uk)
In Hans H. Diehlmann's, Erbhuldigungsakten des Herzogtums und Königreichs Preußen, 3. Teil: 1678 bis 1737, Hamburg 1992, s. 112, 247, 350 we can read about the sovereigns, the Electors of Brandenburg, and (after 1701) the Kings of Prussia, and their so called Erb-Eid or the oath of inheritance taken by the king. In 1690–1717 it was given a Christian Tolkien from Kreuzburg:
  • October 1714: CHRISTIAN TOLLKIEN, a man from Kreuzburg, Brandenburg, East Prussia ("Einwohner in der Stadt Kreuzburg, Amt Brandenburg")
Christian Tolkien, a miller from Kreuzburg died in 1746 in the age of 83 (or this document is the record of the death of another Christian Tolkien born in 1675):


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