środa, 19 kwietnia 2017

Michael Tolkien (1708–1795), "Bürger und Kürschner" from Danzig

Tolk → Tolkin → Tolckin → Tolkien → (Tollkühn)

Big discovery! I have had to change my searching method. I was looking for Tolkiens, and I should look for Tolckins! And I have found a lot of new information about Michael Tolkien (vel Tolckin) who was probably an important person for Daniel Gottlieb Tolkien (1747 Danzig – 1813 London) and it is more and more probable that he was J.R.R. Tolkien's great-great-great-great-grandfather! 

(Michael > Christian > John Benjamin > George > John Benjamin >
Arthur > John Ronald Reuel?)

My first note about this Michael Tolkien was published in December 2016 (see here). 

Matthäus Deisch z – St Cathrine Church, Gdańsk
In 1765 Mr. Michael Tolkien is mentioned as "Älteste des Erbgewerks der Kürschner in der Königlichen See- und Handlungsstadt Danzig" ('Oldest of the Furrier Guild in the Royal Sea- and Tradetown of Danzig'). A furrier like Daniel Gottlieb Tolkien and John Benjamin Tolkien's son, George Tolkien! 

Now I know that he was not the same Michael Tolkien who was a Danzig lieutenant in 1697. Maybe the earlier Michael Tolkien, an officer, was his father? I believe we will be able to answer this question.

What I found tonight is a funeral record from 1795 from St Cathrine church (Lutheran) in Danzig/Gdańsk:

Click to see in better resolution
»29 [November 1795,] Michael Tolckin Bürger und Kürschner Meister 87 Jahr alt ist aus Schl[...] gestorben geb[oren] in Danzig lag in ein eigen Grab [...] Erde [...] Frau Elisabeth Klinckerd 75 Jahr alt als [...] am [...] gestorben gab in Preußen lag auf den [...] Garten«

Michael Tolckin (vel Tolkien as in the document from 1765) was born in 1708 and died on 29 October 1795. He was a rich man, he had the town citizenship and he was one of the main master furriers in Danzig. His wife was Elisabeth Klinckerd – as far as I know this is Dutch family name. And he has connections with Prussia (East Prussia)! It is very important. The Tolckin's grave is in the same church as Johannes Hevelius' tomb.

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