niedziela, 11 marca 2018

How the London Tolkiens' houses looked like?

There is a wonderful website London Street Views where a mysterious author, Mr. Baldwin Hamey using John Tallis' street views produced in 1838-1847 describes lost houses, shops and workshops of the eighteenth and nineteenth century London. John Tallis produced 88 street views in small oblong booklets between 1838 and 1840, with an additional 18 revised and enlarged several years later.

Mr. Hamey sent me these pictures of John Benjamin Tolkien's workshop and house at 145 Saint John Street (about this place today read here; see that the lower part of this house seems to be the same today!) and Daniel Gottlieb Tolkien's furrier shop at 60 Cheapside (about this place you can read here) and recently the picture of J. B. Tolkien's house at 21 Skinner Street:

Here John Benjamin Tolkien, the Professor's grandfather was born
About today's view of this part of London read here
60 Cheapside with Daniel Gottlieb Tolkien's
Skinner and Furrier shop and his house
21 Skinner Street where John Benjamin Tolkien and George Tolkien
had china and glass shop in 1814

About Daniel Tolkien's address at 60 Cheapside I have written in 2017:


Michael Flowers from the Tolkien Society has provided me today with this interesting entry from the Evening Mail from 15 November 1820:
CHEAPSIDE
We never saw this wealthy neighbourhood more generally or more splendidly lighted up. The inhabitants seemed emulously to vie with each other in giving the best and most brilliant effect to the illumination. Paynter and Co. displayed a transparency of the Queen, drawn by four white coursers, in a triumphal car. In her hand she bore a scroll, with the words: "God defend my rights." The front of Saddlers'-hall presented the letters "C.R." beneath a triumphal arch in brilliant yellow lamps. The house of Mr. Tolkien was ornamented with a transparency representing the Thistle, the national emblem of Scotland; and, on a tablet near it was the inscription– "Scotia, the land of Wallace, Bruce, and Knox" – "Nemo me impune lacessit."
All this was on the occasion of the coronation of Caroline (Caroline of Brunswick), Queen of the United Kingdom as the wife of King George IV (she reigned from 29 January 1820 until her death in 1821). Michael Flowers described the events at Cheapside as "the sycophantic preparations". This is of course something many individuals and businesses did at the time.

"Mr Tolkien" was probably Charles Tolkien (born 1789), son of Daniel Tolkien (born 1746 in Gdańsk). His house was probably 60 Cheapside where Master Daniel Tolkien had his "Skinner and Furrier" shop.

 
I have also gathered these London addresses of J. R. R. Tolkien's male ancestors:
___________________

John Benjamin Tolkien (1752–1819)
his churches: German Lutheran Chapel, Savoy, London; Spa Fields Chapel, London
  • 1777 – area of St James's, Clerkenwell
  • 1779 – area of St Andrew's Holborn
  • 1793 – 49 St John Street, Clerkenwell (William Gravell and John Benjamin Tolkien, Clock and Watchmakers
  • 1795 – White Lion, Clerkenwell (Watchmaker)
  • 1807 – 145 St John Street, Clerkenwell (Dancer and Tolkien, Toolmakers)
  • 1809 – 111 Guildford Street (Dealer in China and Glass)
  • 1814 – 21 Skinner Street, Snow Hill (China and Glass Man, with son)
George Tolkien (1784–1840)
baptism: German Lutheran Chapel, Savoy
marriage: St Bartholomew the Great, Holborn
death: St Pancras district
  • 1808–1810 – 145 St John Street, Clerkenwell (Ironmonger, Toolmaker) 
  • 1814 – 21 Skinner Street, Snow Hill (China and Glass Man, with father)
  • 1830 – 3 Bidborough Street, Burton Crescent (Gent)
John Benjamin Tolkien (1807–1896)
  • born 1807 – 145 St John Street, Clerkenwell

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